Samsung Galaxy Fold Teardown! – How does it even work?

today we're going to take apart the galaxy fold this is the phone from samsung that opens up to show off a full internal display tucked inside the two halves since my inner screen was damaged during the durability test and is a bit finicky now my question is can i disassemble the phone and just keep one half of it as a functional device because technically there is that one screen that still works on the outside it should be an interesting little experiment let's get started so there are three surfaces to this phone the large square inner screen and then the two long rectangles that are located on the outside samsung phones are typically taken apart by removing the back glass and this galaxy fold appears to be no different with a bit of heat from my hika and a bit of fancy finessing from my razor blade along with the suction cup i can gently work my way around the back glass panel slicing through the adhesive it's a tad difficult since the glass is curved but not impossible after the majority of the adhesive is cut i can twist off the only piece of this phone that doesn't have a screen attached and pull it away from the phone there are no ribbons or anything sensitive attached to the underside of the glass we do get our first look at the wireless charging coil which i totally forgot this phone even had now we have two sides left i'm going to assume that this phone has more components under the smaller display so i'll grab my suction cup heat gun and razor blade and work my way around the glass once again taking special care not to put my razor blade too deep into the phone because if the screen gets poked from the underside it'll be dead the screens are very fragile as we learned from the folding screen inside of this phone after the adhesive is warmed up and cut away i can tilt the screen up and away from the hinge side folding it open allowing access to the thin ribbon cable plugged in underneath the black plastic cap once i unsnap that like a little lego the front screen and glass panel can be removed it's a super thin compact little design oled screens are as thin as they come it's the same style of screen we saw in the back of the nuvia x and now we know that samsung can do dual screens maybe they'll start adding front and rear screens to their other phones just because they can no complaints here there are 19 visible screws holding down the internal back plastics to the phone and three more screws hidden underneath the wireless charging flap after those are removed the wireless charging can be pulled away this has the circular wireless coils in the center along with what looks like nfc coils all of which can communicate through the gold contact pads that rest up against the motherboard now i can remove the black plastics from the right side the top section has a built-in loudspeaker along with a separate earpiece speaker kind of interesting that they are both right next to each other then we have a plain black piece of plastic that brackets around the battery and lastly we have the bottom plastics which contain the loudspeaker one cool thing about this little speaker just like we saw inside the iphone 11 pro are these little white foam dots that fill up the space inside of the speaker box the lightweight specs are added to the speaker housing to dampen the speaker as the speaker moves air inside of the speaker box has to pass through the foamy dots causing the air to scatter and act less dense which then allows the speaker to sound bigger than it actually is people have been adding foam to subwoofer boxes for years so it's interesting to see the same concept applied here on this subwoofer for ants someone should count these for us you might have noticed already that this phone has two batteries inside a smaller little guy off to the left and then a relatively proportional battery on the right side i'll unplug each of them just like little legos removing the battery is the same dangerous tedious process that it always is with samsung's even on this futuristic galaxy bold samsung still hasn't updated their battery adhesion practices with two pry tools gently leveraging up the battery i can finally remove it by hand but any accidental bins would either cause the battery to just slowly expand over the next several months or explode immediately it's a fun little game that keeps you on your toes i'll remove the extension ribbon over top of the smaller little battery and then commence the same gentle prying procedure while hoping nothing spontaneously combusts the small battery is a milliamp hour and the larger is a 2135 for a combined total of 4235 milliamp hours something i haven't noticed before is that both of the motherboards inside the galaxy fold kind of glimmer with a rainbow effect like a gasoline drip in a wet parking lot it must be some kind of treatment that they use while assembling the boards it looks super cool i really do think that sometimes the insides of cell phones look cooler than the outsides thumbs up to samsung for that one speaking of internals here's a close-up shot of the guts for those of you with a galaxy fold you can screenshot this crop it and make it a wallpaper back to business it's time to see how this hinge works and how it was able to withstand my bin test the sim card tray does have a rubber ring around the lip but there's definitely no ingress protection rating on this phone since dust can still very easily get inside at other points i'll remove the three large ribbon connectors on this half of the motherboard remember that this is also the half of the phone that the smaller rear screen plugs into there's one more phillips head screw holding the motherboard down and then i can lift up and unlatch the last little ribbon on the underside before pulling the motherboard free the shimmery motherboard comes out with the outer camera still connected it's a 10 megapixel camera with no optical image stabilization there's also a large magnet along the side and up in the corners this helps keep the phone closed but it's pretty well balanced without being too strong or noticeable i'll unsnap the two large motherboard extension ribbons from the other half of the phone along with the side button connector and i can pop out the two internal front-facing cameras remember there are six cameras in here these little guys are the 10 megapixel main camera along with its 8 megapixel depth sensing sidekick neither of which have optical image stabilization after popping off the two bottom signal wires the motherboard can start lifting away from inside the phone and once it's out we get our first glimpse of the copper cooling pad underneath the board the motherboard doesn't have any thermal paste but it does have the foam pad to help transfer heat the triple camera setup on the galaxy fold is very similar to the galaxy note 10 with its 12 megapixel two times optical zoom camera down at the bottom then the 12 megapixel main camera here in the center that also has optical image stabilization the main camera also has the little variable aperture gizmo it can magnetically adjust how much light can enter the sensor with its little circular shutter thingies pretty cool the 12 megapixel wide angle camera up top does not have any optical image stabilization remember how i was going to take this phone apart and see if half of the fold could still function as a full phone well both sides do have a battery and one half has an extra screen so it was a good theory but the problem is the small screen is on the opposite side of the usb-c charging port so the galaxy fold definitely needs both halves of the phone to still function who would have thought the copper vapor chamber can pry out of the phone easy enough this little guy just dissipates the heat from the processor allowing the phone to run a little cooler we've seen this kind of copper inside of a lot of phones at this point so let's keep going it's time to check out the massive internal 7.3 inch amoled screen and the complex hinge contraption that holds this whole thing together now you probably remember that this is the second time the galaxy fold has been released the first time it launched there was what looked like a screen protector on top but was actually part of the screen itself samsung has since extended that screen protector looking plastic component of the screen up underneath this plastic bezel so people now won't be tempted to peel it off my temptation to peel the screen off though is still pretty strong so let's proceed the screen is paper thin this time and well you know it's foldable it feels like a giant piece of thick packing tape just peeling away from the phone body and it's rather satisfying samsung has added a metal plate under each half of the phone on this new version and this is supposed to add a little bit of structure to the screen at the same time while not allowing any dust to get behind the display to cause damage since the phone body is not dust proof samsung has said that anyone with a samsung fold can replace that inner folding screen during the first year for a one-time fee of 149.

Which seems more than reasonable but if you happen to break the screen more than once or after that first year it'll be 599 funny how samsung can replace the whole screen for the same price that apple's charging to swap the back glass of an iphone 11. now let's take an up close and personal look at this hinge this floppy boy survived my durability test and i think it's time we found out how and why there are some pieces of long thin black tape covering up the internal screws i'll pull those away from the galaxy fold so we can see more of the impressive engineering we can also see some of the sand that slipped up inside the fold this is still causing a grinding noise as the phone opens and closes let's take things a step further the hinge of the galaxy fold is made up of three main components the first of which being the massive back metal spine of the fold and it's held in place by ten screws once those are removed the spine can be pulled from the center of the phone its metal design has chambers or ridges inside to help guide the other components of the hinge it keeps them from bending too far or rotating out of place here in the center we see the inner gears inspired by watch mechanics along with three of the four spring-loaded clasps that lock the fold into the open position it feels extremely well balanced inside of the fold we get these metal interlocked shovel looking gizmos two large ones in the center with two more smaller versions of both the top and the bottom there are a lot of moving parts inside of this thing which does make it feel very balanced and natural while also being incredibly sturdy but with all the precision that these moving parts require there's not very much room for any specks of sand and currently sand and dust can still get inside and grind away to their little heart's content so while this hinge design was inspired by watch mechanics hopefully samsung can also seal it up like watches are in future versions of the fold i think it's an awesome innovation and it's good of samsung to take care of their customers by offering replacement screens for so cheap during that first year i look forward to seeing what other versions of the folds come out next personally i want to see a smaller fold that opens vertically into a normal size cell phone kind of like the old school flip phones it'll be fun to see what happens do you think folding phones are ever going to catch on and be mainstream let me know down in the comments hit that subscribe button if you haven't already and coming out me on instagram and twitter thanks for watching i'll see you around

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Samsung Galaxy Z Flip Durability Test – Fake Folding Glass?!

Samsung just released a new folding phone with a bolt claim that it has revolutionary flexible glass like it says here on their website we'll be putting that to the test today this is the Samsung Z flip or the flips depending on how you open the box it does come with a case one for each half of the phone kind of nice Samsung says this is a statement smartphone for people who want to stand out a phone that demands attention and I'd have to agree the ability to fold your phone in half is genuinely crazy and by crazy I mean crazy awesome we can now have a full sized phone and a compact design that takes up half the space the future is amazing it's time for a durability test let's go I mean let's get started [Music] [Applause] [Music] starting off pay very close attention to this first warning and remember it it says avoid pressing hard on the screen or the front camera lens tap the screen lightly to keep it safe Samsung said at their launch event that they've done the impossible and created ultra-thin glass that folds this glass can be folded over 200,000 times Samsung said when you fold it you're not just bending glass you're bending the laws of physics but that warning included on the phone isn't as confidence inducing as Samsung's launch event attempted to be it does feel nice though this type of fold is definitely my favorite so far I like having a phone that folds instead of having a tablet that folds there are two things I noticed right off the bat with the Z flip one is the crease here still along the center not a big deal there's also a small divot in the display above the front-facing camera lens you can see the curve of my lights along with the bend of the surface of that display the Samsung logo along the spine gets entirely covered up when the phone is open this new hinge design apparently has thin brushes inside to keep out dust we'll test that later there's also no screen lifting off the frame like we saw on the Motorola RAZR which probably makes this design much safer and more long-term there is a bit of a gap between the two halves of the phone when it's closed also fine and it makes sense because if the screen really is glass we can't have glass clacking against glass every time the phone gets closed that just wouldn't end well speaking of things not ending well it's time to see if this material really is glass or not I've been doing the same durability test on every major new smartphone since the galaxy s6 came out five years ago it is an expensive hobby yes but I think it's fairly useful in finding out what your phone is made from and how well it'll handle everyday life plastic as we know scratches at level two or three real glass would scratch it a five or six and sapphire would scratch at an eight or nine right under diamonds which are level ten as my first most pick touches the display of the galaxy Z flip we can see marks start to appear this is rather unfortunate continuing onward we can see deeper grooves happening at a level three this is exactly how a plastic screen would react exactly like we saw in the Galaxy fold the Motorola RAZR and basically every other plastic screen smartphone ever made for kicks and giggles we can bump it up to a level four and I could physically feel the tip of the pic start to cut the display surface open so why in the world would Samsung talk about flexible glass so much on their website and at the launch of it it could be that they are using a hybrid plastic polymer with little specks of glass ingredients inside and then just you know calling a glass but that doesn't really seem like a very nice thing to be doing if a company says glass their customers will think of a hard clear material that has excellent scratch resistance from a durability perspective that scratch resistance is the primary reason that glass is used on basically every smartphone display Samsung is calling this glass but this display clearly doesn't have the scratch resistance or structural benefits that customers are expecting from glass if glass isn't glass then truth doesn't matter and truth should matter this isn't American politics Samsung is currently the number one smartphone manufacturer in the world and we shouldn't be calling this screen glass when clearly my fingernail is leaving marks on the surface over and over I'm not sure what Samsung's thinking over there but we clearly have scratches at levels two three four and fingernail I don't know what material this is but Samsung definitely shouldn't be calling it glass and I'm disappointed even if I jump up here to the front facing ten megapixel selfie camera the surface is covered in that same so-called glass material and can still be scratched with my fingernail I'll come back to this again in just a second the raised screen bump around the edge of the screen is made from plastic this is the same thing we saw in the Galaxy fold this guy kind of holds the screen in place and keeps people from peeling off the top layer [Music] the volume rocker is made from metal the recessed power button here on the side is stretchable I'll set my finger print and see if it still works don't mind my thumb by the way I smashed it with a TV a few weeks ago now the phone is still able to be unlocked even though the fingerprint scanner is damaged but to test it some more I added some more scratches and after the additional scratches are in place my fingerprints stopped working interesting the frame of the galaxy z flip is made from metal and down here along the bottom you have more metal alongside the singular loudspeaker the USBC port and you know the no headphone jack the whole frame of the phone seems to be made from metal which is a good thing and will hopefully keep the phone together during the bin test later there are a few plastic antenna lines and a removable SIM card tray but no expandable memory the center hinge mechanism is made from metal which that Samsung logo recessed into the spine each of the tiny letters is made from a piece of shiny foil that is glued inside the cavity these will probably never fall out on their own but it's interesting to see what the Z flip is made from the rear panels are made from glass both the top and the bottom sections this mirror purple is kind of growing on me it gradually switches between purple and blue depending on how the light is shining on it there are two cameras on the back a 12 megapixel ultra wide-angle camera and they 12 megapixel normal camera both covered in real scratch resistant glass I think the fingerprints are getting a bit out of hand though thanks to our channel sponsored D brand for hooking me up with the limited edition robot camo each of these fingerprint fighting skins are totally unique no two phones will be the same and the individual drawings are super intricate and are currently available for every phone that D brand covers not just the galaxy Z flip I got one added to the back of the grip case for my note 10 plus since the grip case has the cutout for skins and can be swapped out whenever kind of fun I'll leave a link down in the description if you want to pick up some robot camo or a case for your own phone one cool thing about the folds is that has the world's tiniest viewfinder for selfie taking I can double click the power button and it lets me see myself and take a cute little pic thumbs up for that will perform the world's smallest scratch test on it and moving up through Mohs scale of hardness we can see that pics 1 through 5 don't leave any marks like we would expect we only see scratches starting at a level 6 with deeper grooves at a level 7 which is the scratch resistance we expect from anything with the word glass in the name anything that scratches earlier should not be called glass even if the Z flip displayed does hypothetically have glass ingredients in it we shouldn't be calling it glass unless it has the properties of glass I can't go make a pile of mud sprinkle in some chocolate chips and then call my mudda cookie just because it has some of the ingredients of a cookie that shouldn't be allowed but then display lasted about 15 seconds under the heat from my lighter when I pulled the flame away there were burn marks still left on the screen and it did not recover one really interesting thing though if you watch again is that you can physically see the screen change shape as the heat from my lighter heats it up plastic of course is affected by the temperature of my lighter glass however would not be physically affected in the same way as the surface cools down the shape of the screen returns to normal let's start with the slam shut test you know if you get a little aggressive with hanging up on someone after a phone call and you smash the phone closed we got to see if the phone survives it does have the physical raised bumpers all along the outer edge of the screen those bumpers are absorbing most of the slamming force and the screen is still in one piece of course the phone is meant to fold inwards Samsung said it was survived 200 thousand times which is a hundred eighty two times a day and if you plan on keeping your phone for three years bending back the opposite direction though is a different story with the first flex we get a small separation of the frame near the antenna line and the top half bumper started coming loose but the screen of the Z flip is still entirely intact and in one piece they still shuts and opens with no grinding of the hinge we'll try it again you can see the back panels of the phone meet in the center providing more support to keep the phone from bending backwards and the phone hinge does a really good job of keeping the phone shape for the most part only on our third bin did we finally hear a snap from the frame near that power button and even then the so-called glass screen of the Z flip is still intact folding screens are pretty resilient even though the phone doesn't really shut quite right anymore it's physically withstanding quite a bit more abuse than I initially thought it could only now after all its previous bins and cracks does the back panel shatter it's only a cosmetic wound since the display is still working just fine and this is good to know all the important things are still functional you might be asking hey Jerry what if there is a super thin layer of glass on top of the display if that were true we would start to see fractures and cracks from that nano layer but instead we only see the tip of my most pics cutting into the plastic like we would see with any piece of plastic that gets cut the screen is in no way scratch resistant whatsoever and if poked hard enough the pixels will still get damaged it does survive my bin test however and everything is still functional this is certainly the most durable folding phone we've seen yet Samsung did say that they designed this new hinge with little tiny fibers inside or little brushes to keep out dust and dirt from the folding bits it'll be awesome to see what this looks like from the inside during the teardown so make sure you're subscribed to that after pouring my rocks on the screen and making sure they cover the entire phone just like it would if you dropped it when you accidentally go outside initially I could hear a few little complaints of the dust inside the hinge [Music] but after blowing all the dust off those complaints mostly went away this new hinge design might actually be the start to something really good but the real danger of calling something glass means that people will think they have the protection of glass when that clearly is not the case glass distributes pressure along the whole phone while this plastic allows that pressure to get in and damage pixels you can see that each pressure point for my pick kills the line of pixels directly above it this would not happen if the screen were glass and it's dangerous to let people walk around with that false sense of security like Samsung gives them when they call it glass and that's not all each of these puncture wounds does let air get inside the sealed OLED layers which kills even more pixels a puncture or cut in the plastic screen is a cancer that will eventually spread across the whole display yeah I sound a bit apocalyptic but it's important to know what your phone is capable of and what might damage it so remember the Samsung Z flip does not have a true glass screen and it's still very fragile that being said it's also still pretty awesome Samsung should just correct their verbage let me know what you think of Samsung's verbage down in the comments if you enjoyed this durability test come check out my last video we monitored a wheelchair to go on a safari in Africa it turned out pretty cool coming out with me on Instagram and Twitter and thanks a ton for watching I'll see you around

As found on YouTube

Surface Duo first look: Microsoft’s foldable Android phone

– Remember Windows Phone
from way back when? Well Microsoft is kind
of getting back into making smartphones. This is Surface Duo, and it runs Android. Not Windows or Windows Phone. That's right. Microsoft is making a
Surface phone with Android. If that sounds surprising, it's because it really is. But we'll get back into the Android side in a minute. Duo is part of two new futuristic dual-screen devices that
Microsoft announced today. And they're coming in Holiday 2020. Surface Duo has two 5.6 inch displays that fold out into an
8.3 inch device overall. And it's just 4.8 millimeters thin. It folds like many two-in-one laptops thanks to a 360 degrees hinge. And it's designed to
get more done on the go. It looks tiny for this type of device, and it felt kind of like a Galaxy Note in my pocket. Now, I wasn't allowed to play around with the software on this device, but it looks and feels
like a tiny pocket tablet that's also a phone. The difference between this and any other Android phone, except maybe the Galaxy Fold, is visually obvious.

But Microsoft thinks this is part of a new category of devices that allow people to do a lot more with tablets and phones
than they do today. As part of this idea, Microsoft also announced a
Surface Neo device today. Which has two larger 9 inch displays. The Duo and the Neo share a very similar design, but they don't share a
common operating system. Neo, the larger dual-screen device, runs Windows 10 X, and has all your familiar
desktop and tablet apps. The reason this isn't
running Windows Phone is because Microsoft gave up on that operating system years ago, when it couldn't convince developers to create apps for it's devices. Now we sat down with Microsoft's Chief Product Officer, Panos Panay, on the Vergecast this week, to talk about why Microsoft
chose Android this time for the Surface Duo.

– [Panay] Well because, those are the apps you want. I don't know how to answer it differently for you. Because there's hundreds
of thousands of apps and you want them. Asati and I talked about it, it's about meeting our
customers where they are. And I don't think the, you know, the mobile application platform's going anywhere any time soon, you need the apps. – So you'll get the apps you'd expect from a phone inside
the dual-screen device, but how is this different from any other smartphone? I mean it obviously looks different. And the main idea is making use of these two displays in ways we're only starting to see other Android phone makers explore. You could run a game on one side, and a game pad on the other, or multi-task by dragging
and dropping content between apps. Microsoft hasn't thought
of everything you'd do with the Surface Duo just yet, but that's why it's announcing it now so developers can fill in the gaps.

They're really aiming to introduce a new form factor here, and a way for a device to
adjust itself on the go, no matter the task. We've seen foldable devices from Huawei and Samsung, but the Duo has two separate displays that are made of glass, rather than foldable plastic. Which given the issues
with Samsung's Galaxy Fold, that might be a good choice right now. Microsoft has been
working on this hardware for three years, and Panos Panay tells us that this device won't change much by the time it debuts late next year.

The real key question will be whether Android app developers create the apps and
experiences that really take advantage of this dual-screen device. And whether consumers
want this type of hardware in a phone form factor in the first place. That's why Microsoft also has its largest Surface Neo device running Windows. And it really feels like the company wants to offer a Surface at every shape and size. Microsoft also seems to be implying that the operating system really doesn't matter for
Surface devices anymore.

And it's willing to partner
with Google and others to offer what makes sense. So does that means that
Android is the future for Microsoft? – [Panay] (clears throat)
No no no no no no. You want to give customers what they want in the form factor that they're using. We've learned this, you know, the right operating system
on the wrong product or the other way around, pick your words, but what's the right operating system for the form factor? And in this case, in mobile devices, Android's
the obvious choice. But anything above that, Windows is everything.

Superior for me. – So, will the Surface
Duo and the Surface Neo combine in the future? Will there be a smartphone
that turns into a tablet, that then turns into a laptop, then you dock and turns into a real PC? We're years away from anything even getting close to that. But it opens up the questions about where this dual-screen and foldable hardware is going exactly. And they're really hard
questions to answer right now. Microsoft will now need to convince app developers and consumers that these dual-screen devices are truly the new device category that we've
all been waiting for.

Wherever things end up, it looks like Microsoft want to be ready at every point with Surface. You want a phone that's a little bit more than a phone that
has an extra display? Surface Duo. You want a tablet that
transforms into a laptop? Surface Neo or Surface Pro. Microsoft is covering
every hardware base here, and it's leaving it up to you to decide what device you actually need.

– [Panay] You know, I think like anything, look at the product you think is most interesting to you and where you think you can be more creative, that's what I would push. And I think this products gonna be there next year. Not in a hurry, you know, hang out. Take photos or do whatever it is you do on your phone today
for a little bit longer and then, see if we can convince you that you can be more
creative on this product. – It's been a crazy day of Surface devices and there's a bunch of hands-on videos you should check out
on our YouTube channel.

Be sure to also definitely
check out the Vergecast, 'cause it has the full
interview with Panos Panay, and you don't wanna miss it..

As found on YouTube